All fluids oxidize but it takes years.
In non-free breathing transformer applications (transformers where ambient air and oil are not in continuous, direct contact for extended time periods), oxidation is not an issue as fluid exposure to the atmosphere is minimal. Even in a free-breathing transformer, or with intermittent exposure (as experienced in a transformer that leaks), oxidation takes years.
Each fluid type oxidizes differently and the byproducts of oxidation may affect the performance of a transformer. As such, varied laboratory oxidation stability tests have been developed to be used as control tests for evaluating the relative oxidation stability of dielectric fluids in a laboratory environment; but they are not intended to simulate operational performance within a transformer. The in-application differences between mineral oil and natural esters are as follows:
- The byproducts of mineral oil oxidation form substances that precipitate from the fluid. In application, the long-term effect could be sludge formation on surfaces within the transformer, and will yield less efficient heat transfer.
- The byproducts of natural ester oxidation form oligomers (larger molecules) that stay in solution. In application, the long-term effect could be a slight increase in the fluid viscosity, but no sludge formation, and no impact to dielectric strength or dielectric performance.
Nearly 20 years of proven performance
In non-free breathing transformers, there is no concern about the oxidation stability of Envirotemp™ FR3™ fluid. FR3 fluid has been formulated to meet IEC and IEEE standards for oxidation stability, while also achieving best-in-class environmental properties. Learn more
FR3 fluid has performed effectively in over one million transformers on six continents and 30 countries for nearly 20 years. This application experience includes:
- True free-breathing transformers (for up to 11 years) and LTC’s
- Sealed transformers and transformers retrofit with bladders in the conservators, including units with incorrectly installed bladders
- Five-year large volume and thin film oxidation studies, supported with numerous laboratory tests conducted over extensive time periods, which verify FR3 fluid’s performance in application
Even though the rate of oxidation is faster than mineral oil, the time required to oxidize thin films is typically long enough to allow normal maintenance procedures (lasting days through a few weeks) to be used during transformer repairs (when the components are outside the transformer, or the exposed transformer tank has been emptied). Simple ‘good housekeeping’ handling steps and recommendations minimize the potential for any issues. For additional details, Cargill has comprehensive storage, handling and maintenance guides for your teams.
FR3 fluid stability has been proven to be sufficient for real life application at most climate conditions and maintenance practice throughout the world. Within a transformer, oxidation stability is not a limiting factor for FR3 fluid.
R2080 Thin Film OxidationRead paper (PDF)